Mobile connectivity use for drone remote identification
Mobile connectivity can be used to identify drones and mobile operators can help make these aircraft more useful.
What are drones?
Drones are an aircraft without an onboard pilot. They can be autonomous, requiring no human intervention during most of the operation, or remote-controlled. In this case the drone is permanently controlled by a pilot.
Its versatility opens up possibilities to carry out work that until now had not been solved through aerial platforms, such as structures inspection.
What are the legal rules for drones?
European regulations on drones
On June 11, 2019, the Common European Drone Standards, Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2019/945 and Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/947 were published, to ensure that drone operations in all Europe are safe. This regulation applies from December 31, 2020.
Basic rules on drones in the United States
In the US, if you’re flying for recreational purposes, there are less stringent requirements. But if it comes to making money from an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), you must pass an FAA test and receive Part 107 certification. Once you are certified, you will be able to use your drone to capture aerial images and videos, and similar activities.
Mobile connectivity can increase the usability of drones
Mobile networks today connect millions of people and offer a variety of services. One of the services that mobile network operators can face is remote identification of drones.
Each drone or unmanned aerial system transmits a signal that includes an ID (its license plate) and the location of the operator. Key information is also available on the Internet for each operation. Authorized persons can search the id to find the owner of the drone. With mobile connectivity this process will be much faster.
Besides, mobile networks provide a platform for the drone ecosystem. With the benefit of network connectivity, drones can connect securely and share vital information with their control centers. The use of an integrated SIM card provides a secure and reliable connection to transmit a digital ID required by regulators. Then, a “digital license plate” enables safe control and operation of drones, which is something that regulators require.
Mobile connectivity: advantages for the drone ecosystem
Identification through mobile connectivity has multiple advantages for the drone ecosystem:
- First, Identification and registration schemes for drones can be introduced.
- Second, Mobile connectivity can be part of Unmanned Traffic Management (UTM) solutions, helping to enable no-fly zones and issue flight route updates.
- At last, privacy and data protection tools that are synonymous with mobile networks.
On mobile networks, you can build different services. Some of them are drone registrations, the opening, and online management of flight plans with information enriched from 3D cartography. Also, you can get information about other drones in transit in the different regions of space, conflict management systems…
5G can increase the usefulness of drones in many ways. It involves transferring more data over the air at a faster speed and lower latency. As a result, it will allow drones to transmit high-definition images in real-time to operators on the ground. We can use them for real-time critical infrastructure inspection functions, such as a pipeline leak or a nuclear plant problem.
We hope that after reading this article, you have a clearer idea of what drones are, what they are used for, and how connectivity can help add value to them.